Research has indicated that the most common form of an ankle injury is considered to be a sprained ankle. This injury can happen unexpectedly, such as when suddenly stepping off a curb and causing the ankle to roll inward, or from participating in sporting activities in which the tendons may tear. An ankle fracture may occur if you have fallen, and one or more of the bones in the ankle may break. If you have ankle arthritis, you will most likely experience pain and discomfort in your ankle, and these sensations may gradually worsen. There also may be medical conditions that can cause ankle pain, and these can include biomechanical conditions. This conditions can be the result of insufficient motion control and bone alignment, which may cause a deformity in the foot. If you are having any type of foot or ankle pain, it is advised that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist to receive a proper diagnosis.
Foot and ankle trauma is common among athletes and the elderly. If you have concerns that you may have experienced trauma to the foot and ankle, consult with Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Foot and ankle trauma covers a range of injuries all over the foot; common injuries include:
Symptoms of foot and ankle injuries vary depending on the injury, but more common ones include:
To properly diagnose the exact type of injury, podiatrists will conduct a number of different tests. Some of these include sensation and visual tests, X-rays, and MRIs. Medical and family histories will also be taken into account.
Once the injury has been diagnosed, the podiatrist can than offer the best treatment options for you. In less severe cases, rest and keeping pressure off the foot may be all that’s necessary. Orthotics, such as a specially made shoes, or immobilization devices, like splints or casts, may be deemed necessary. Finally if the injury is severe enough, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Foot and Ankle Trauma
A blister is typically caused by excessive friction that occurs on a portion of the foot. It is a result of torn skin that is covered by a bubble which is filled with liquid. It is the body’s natural defense mechanism that protects the raw skin as the healing process occurs. One of the reasons why a blister can develop may be from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. If there is a narrow toe area or if the heel area is too wide, blisters may begin to form. They can develop on different parts of the foot, including the side of the pinky toe, or on the bottom of the toes. If medical conditions exist such as hammer toes or bunions, blisters may form as the skin rubs against the shoe. If you have blisters that are uncomfortable and painful, it is suggested to counsel with a podiatrist who can discuss proper preventative measures.
Blisters may appear as a single bubble or in a cluster. They can cause a lot of pain and may be filled with pus, blood, or watery serum. If your feet are hurting, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin of Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Foot blisters are often the result of friction. This happens due to the constant rubbing from shoes, which can lead to pain.
What are Foot Blisters?
A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.
(Blister symptoms may vary depending on what is causing them)
Prevention & Treatment
In order to prevent blisters, you should be sure to wear comfortable shoes with socks that cushion your feet and absorb sweat. Breaking a blister open may increase your chances of developing an infection. However, if your blister breaks, you should wash the area with soap and water immediately and then apply a bandage to the affected area. If your blisters cause severe pain it is important that you call your podiatrist right away.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Blisters
Many people have experienced foot pain at some point in their lives. There are many different forms of this type of pain, and it may come from a variety of reasons. If you have heel pain, you may have what is known plantar fasciitis. This happens when the tissue that connects the heel to the toes becomes inflamed, and pain is typically felt in the heel or on the sole of the foot. If there is discomfort and pain under the toes near the ball of the foot, a condition that is referred to as metatarsalgia may be present. This may develop as a result of frequently participating in running and jumping activities, which may put stress on that part of the foot. If you have pain at the bottom of the big toe, you may have a condition that is known as turf toe. This is considered to be a sprain of the big toe. If you are having any type of foot pain, it is suggested to consult with a podiatrist who can properly treat any foot ailments you may have.
Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:
To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.
Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Foot Pain
The medical term for athlete’s foot is referred to tinea pedis. This is a fungus that typically lives and thrives in warm and moist places, and is considered to be contagious. These environments may include public showers, pools, locker rooms, and surrounding areas. Patients who have athlete’s foot may be familiar with the severe itchiness that often accompanies this condition. The skin between the toes may become cracked, and blisters may begin to form. There may be measures that can be implemented which may prevent athlete’s foot. These may include washing and drying your feet daily, followed by wearing a clean pair of socks. Additionally, if you frequent public pools and locker rooms, it may be helpful to wear appropriate shoes while swimming or showering. There are many treatment options available, and it is suggested that you schedule a consultation with a podiatrist if you feel you have athlete’s foot.
Athlete’s foot is often an uncomfortable condition to experience. Thankfully, podiatrists specialize in treating athlete’s foot and offer the best treatment options. If you have any questions about athlete’s foot, consult with Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality treatment.
What is Athlete’s Foot?
Tinea pedis, more commonly known as athlete’s foot, is a non-serious and common fungal infection of the foot. Athlete’s foot is contagious and can be contracted by touching someone who has it or infected surfaces. The most common places contaminated by it are public showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. Once contracted, it grows on feet that are left inside moist, dark, and warm shoes and socks.
The most effective ways to prevent athlete’s foot include:
Athlete’s foot initially occurs as a rash between the toes. However, if left undiagnosed, it can spread to the sides and bottom of the feet, toenails, and if touched by hand, the hands themselves. Symptoms include:
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis is quick and easy. Skin samples will be taken and either viewed under a microscope or sent to a lab for testing. Sometimes, a podiatrist can diagnose it based on simply looking at it. Once confirmed, treatment options include oral and topical antifungal medications.
Read more about How to Deal with Athlete's Foot
Foot health is always important, but its importance increases with age. Foot care becomes increasingly crucial for older adults. Performing daily foot exams is essential in making sure your feet are healthy, especially if you have diabetes. These daily exams can be easily accomplished when moisturizing your feet, which also helps overall foot health. Moisturizing daily assists in preventing cracking of the skin, but while moisturizing it is imperative to check the whole foot for wounds, sores, blisters, calluses, and corns. If you find any sores or wounds, then wash them and apply antibiotic ointment. Apply bandages to any callus or corns to prevent further friction. Sadly for older adults, small conditions like these can lead to larger complications, so paying attention to your feet is important. If you have any concerns involving your foot health, then it is strongly recommended that you speak with a podiatrist to learn more about any particular issue.
Geriatrics and Podiatry
When people age, some common issues that may occur are bone density loss, dry skin, poor circulation, and rough brittle nails. These issues may also affect your foot health if the necessary steps are not taken to alleviate the problems.
It is important to take care of your feet because feet that are injured or diseased can affect your overall health. Having painful feet hinders your ability to do daily activities or may decrease your willingness to do the things that you need to do.
Visiting Your Geriatrician
As we age, health problems become more likely, so it is essential to visit your doctor for check-ups to ensure that you are doing the best you can to take care of your health. It is recommended to check your feet frequently for any possible cuts, bruises, swelling, corns or any other irregularities.
Taking Care of Elderly Feet
Cracked or dry feet can be treated by applying moisturizer often. It is also important not to wear old socks because the older the sock is, the higher the possibility there will be that there is bacteria there. Wear fresh socks and make sure they fit properly.
Proper foot health means that you can have a more active lifestyle and you will not be bogged down by pain. Foot health also leads to good circulation, which is paramount for overall health.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Geriatrics and Podiatry
The cuboid bone is a cube shaped bone in the middle of the foot. The cuboid bone is a key component in ensuring the stability of the foot and assists in providing the right weight distribution for the entire body. Cuboid syndrome occurs when the cuboid bone becomes dislocated, which results in pain and sometimes difficulty walking. Oftentimes, this is a result of an ankle sprain, repetitive injuries, and acute trauma. This injury is most common in runners, ballet dancers, and participants of sports that involve similar movement. When this syndrome occurs the midfoot feels pain and discomfort, which can result in problems with general movement of the foot. Walking puts pressure on the foot and most likely will result in an increase in pain, so letting the foot rest is essential for it to heal. If you think you may have cuboid syndrome or a similar ailment, then it is recommended you speak with a podiatrist to receive the proper treatment.
Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.
The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:
A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.
Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.
Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.
Read more about Cuboid Syndrome
If the nail on the big toe should grow into the surrounding skin, you may have what is known as an ingrown toenail. Common reasons why this painful condition should occur may include improper nail trimming and wearing shoes which do not fit correctly. Some patients have toes that are deformed, and this can exert excess pressure on the nail. There are several symptoms that may accompany this ailment, including redness, tenderness, swelling, or a possible discharge coming from the affected nail. Soaking the nail in warm water may lead to partial relief, in addition to gently massaging the nail and surrounding area. If you are afflicted with diabetes or nerve damage, it is important to speak to a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can aid in treating the nail and possibly preventing an infection from developing.
Ingrown toenails may initially present themselves as a minor discomfort, but they may progress into an infection in the skin without proper treatment. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin of Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Ingrown toenails are caused when the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh surrounding it. They often result in redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, infection. This condition typically affects the big toe and may recur if it is not treated properly.
You are more likely to develop an ingrown toenail if you are obese, have diabetes, arthritis, or have any fungal infection in your nails. Additionally, people who have foot or toe deformities are at a higher risk of developing an ingrown toenail.
Some symptoms of ingrown toenails are redness, swelling, and pain. In rare cases, there may be a yellowish drainage coming from the nail.
Ignoring an ingrown toenail can have serious complications. Infections of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection, which can then turn into a bone infection. You should always speak with your podiatrist if you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.
The medical term that is referred to as cracked heels may develop more frequently during the warmer months, and this may be a result of wearing shoes that have an open back. Many of these types of sandals do not provide adequate support for the heel, and fissures, or cracks in the skin, may form. Pain and discomfort may be experienced if this condition is left untreated, and infections may develop as a result of this. There may be additional reasons why cracked heels may form, and these may include medical conditions such as eczema and psoriasis, or possibly an inherited gene. There may be changes that can be implemented to prevent this ailment from developing, which may include wearing shoes that have closed backs, so the heel is not exposed and washing and drying the feet thoroughly followed by utilizing a good moisturizer. This may be effective in soothing dry skin. If you are afflicted with cracked heels, it is advised to seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can offer proper treatment options.
Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.
How do you get them?
Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.
Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.
Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.
Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.
Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin.
Change in Diet
Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.
Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed.
One of the most common diseases of the toenails is referred to as toenail fungus. The fungi will generally enter the skin through tiny cuts or small areas between the nail bed and the nail. The toenails provide a suitable environment for this fungus to thrive, and the result may be the formation of toenail fungus. There are several noticeable symptoms of this unattractive condition, and these may include the nail appearing thick, ragged, or distorted, in addition to spotting on the bottom of the nail, or separation of the nails from the nail bed. Research has shown there may be ways to prevent toenail fungus from occurring. Keeping the nails clean, short and dry, and wearing breathable socks, may aid in avoiding the onset of this condition. Additionally, it may be helpful to wear appropriate shoes in public areas, which may include swimming pools and locker rooms. This will help to prevent this contagious fungus from spreading. If you have symptoms of toenail fungus, it is suggested to speak with a podiatrist who can recommend the correct treatment.
If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin of Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.
In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.
In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.
Read more about How to Treat Your Toenail Fungus
The area in the foot that is located between bones and fibrous tissue is known as the tarsal tunnel. There are several nerves, arteries, veins, and tendons that lie inside this portion of the foot. If these nerves should be compressed, inflammation may occur and may be indicative of a condition that is referred to as tarsal tunnel syndrome. This uncomfortable ailment may be the result of different forms of arthritis, tumors that may be benign, or from a possible fracture. Additionally, medical conditions including flat feet or specific foot deformities can cause narrowing of this “tunnel” and may precede the onset of this condition. Patients will typically be aware of noticeable symptoms that may include numbness or tingling over the sole of the foot, in addition to pain and a burning sensation. If you feel you may have tarsal tunnel syndrome, it is advised to consult with a podiatrist who can perform a proper diagnosis and discuss correct treatment options.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin of Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.
Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
- Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
- At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.
The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
- Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
- The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
- If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.
A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Treating Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome