Peripheral neuropathy is a condition in which one or more nerves of the peripheral nervous system are damaged. This often affects the lower limbs and may involve multiple nerves (polyneuropathy) or only one nerve (mononeuropathy). A single nerve may be damaged due to a sudden injury, prolonged pressure on the nerve, a local compression, or inflammation. Multiple nerves may be damaged due to systemic diseases, such as diabetes. The symptoms of peripheral neuropathy in the lower limbs include numbness, prickling, or tingling in the toes, burning, freezing, throbbing, or shooting pains, sensitivity to touch, and muscle weakness. If you are experiencing the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy in your feet or ankles, please seek the care of a podiatrist.
Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.
What Is Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.
Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:
Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.
To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.
Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Neuropathy
When the digital nerve—which is responsible for sensation in the toes—becomes compressed and persistently inflamed, a thickened mass of tissue may form around the irritated part of the nerve. This growth typically occurs between the third and fourth toes, and may make you feel as if you are walking on a marble. This condition is known as Morton's Neuroma. Other symptoms may include pain in the ball of the foot, tingling or numbness in the toes, or a burning pain in between the toes. Because high heels and pointy-toed shoes can squeeze the toes together and compress the digital nerve, women who wear these types of shoes on a regular basis—as well as those who engage in activities that put repeated pressure on the nerve—are more likely to develop Morton’s Neuroma. To reduce your risks, wear lower-heeled shoes with ample space in the toe box, treat foot conditions like bunions and hammertoe, and avoid repetitive motions that apply pressure to that area. If you have any of the symptoms associated with Morton’s Neuroma that last for more than a few days, contact a podiatrist.
Morton’s neuroma is a very uncomfortable condition to live with. If you think you have Morton’s neuroma, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin of Florida. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot care needs and answer any of your related questions.
Morton's neuroma is a painful foot condition that commonly affects the areas between the second and third or third and fourth toe, although other areas of the foot are also susceptible. Morton’s neuroma is caused by an inflamed nerve in the foot that is being squeezed and aggravated by surrounding bones.
What Increases the Chances of Having Morton’s Neuroma?
Morton’s neuroma is a very treatable condition. Orthotics and shoe inserts can often be used to alleviate the pain on the forefront of the feet. In more severe cases, corticosteroids can also be prescribed. In order to figure out the best treatment for your neuroma, it’s recommended to seek the care of a podiatrist who can diagnose your condition and provide different treatment options.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about What is Morton's Neuroma?
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition that causes reduced blood flow in the lower limbs. PAD is fairly common, particularly in older people, and is caused by a buildup of plaque along the walls of the arteries. The plaque makes the arteries narrow and harden, which makes it harder for blood to circulate to the lower limbs and provide the muscles with oxygen and nutrients. This leads to symptoms that include pain, achiness, fatigue, burning, muscle cramps, and overall discomfort in the feet and ankles. At first, these symptoms may just appear when you do more strenuous physical activities like walking uphill, walking for longer distances, or running. Eventually, however, the symptoms may worsen and appear after only a little bit of activity. You may also begin to experience numbness in your lower limbs when you are at rest. If you have symptoms of PAD, please seek the care of a podiatrist.
Peripheral artery disease can pose a serious risk to your health. It can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, consult with Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is when arteries are constricted due to plaque (fatty deposits) build-up. This results in less blood flow to the legs and other extremities. The main cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, in which plaque builds up in the arteries.
Symptoms of PAD include:
It is important to note that a majority of individuals never show any symptoms of PAD.
While PAD occurs in the legs and arteries, Podiatrists can diagnose PAD. Podiatrists utilize a test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI). An ABI test compares blood pressure in your arm to you ankle to see if any abnormality occurs. Ultrasound and imaging devices may also be used.
Fortunately, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and quitting smoking, can all treat PAD. Medications that prevent clots from occurring can be prescribed. Finally, in some cases, surgery may be recommended.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Peripheral Artery Disease
Swelling and joint pain in the big toe and surrounding areas are common symptoms of a condition that is known as gout. There are two categories of gout that many patients can experience. Acute gout encompasses one to three affected joints, and the pain and discomfort may last up to a week. When multiple gout attacks occur, this condition is referred to as chronic gout, and can lead to permanent joint damage and deformity. Gout occurs as a result of excess uric acid in the blood, and can develop due to genetics, or from eating foods that have high levels of purines. These types of foods include red meat, shellfish, or drinks with a large sugar content. If you are experiencing gout attacks, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.
What Is Gout?
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.
People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.
Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
Strong and flexible feet are essential to runners. Feet are the part of the body that strike and engage with the ground, and provide the foundation on which the body relies to complete and sustain the running movement. With 26 bones in each foot, nearly one quarter of all the bones in our bodies are located in the feet, not to mention muscles and tendons. Strong arches are an important component in the propulsion action the feet and legs perform during running and also help the foot’s ability to adequately absorb high-impact forces which is critical to preventing injuries. Sometimes, runners either need to compensate for flat feet, or they can develop fallen arches over time. There are exercises a podiatrist can suggest to help you strengthen your foot muscles, as well as custom orthotics to give you the proper arch support you need while running. Additionally, they may present a surgical option to correct flexible flatfoot.
What Are Flat Feet?
Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.
Conditions & Problems:
Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.
Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.
Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.
If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Flat Feet
An ingrown toenail is defined as the corners of a nail growing into the edges of the surrounding skin. This typically occurs in the big toe of babies and adults alike, but it can happen to any of the toes. Because baby’s nails are soft and flexible and sometimes curve in at the edges, they may appear to have an ingrown toenail without the nail truly being ingrown. When you are not sure if the nail is ingrown, give your baby a bath and let their feet soak in warm water. The toenails will become even softer so you can check and gently bend the corners of the nail upward if they are in fact growing inward. If you are still unsure, the most common symptom is for the skin around the affected toenail to become red or swollen. You may even notice pus or a yellow fluid where your baby’s toenail is ingrown. If any of these symptoms occur it is important to visit your podiatrist as these may be signs of an infection. An infection can be serious to your baby, especially if they have pre-existing medical conditions. To help prevent your child from developing ingrown toenails, do not cut their nails too short and when you do trim them be sure to cut straight across. To learn more about proper foot health for your baby, please seek the counsel of a local podiatrist.
Ingrown toenails may initially present themselves as a minor discomfort, but they may progress into an infection in the skin without proper treatment. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin of Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Ingrown toenails are caused when the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh surrounding it. They often result in redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, infection. This condition typically affects the big toe and may recur if it is not treated properly.
You are more likely to develop an ingrown toenail if you are obese, have diabetes, arthritis, or have any fungal infection in your nails. Additionally, people who have foot or toe deformities are at a higher risk of developing an ingrown toenail.
Some symptoms of ingrown toenails are redness, swelling, and pain. In rare cases, there may be a yellowish drainage coming from the nail.
Ignoring an ingrown toenail can have serious complications. Infections of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection, which can then turn into a bone infection. You should always speak with your podiatrist if you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.
The joint at the bottom of the big toe is often affected with an existing bunion. It can develop as a result of a misalignment of the big toe joint, and this can occur for a variety of reasons. These can include genetics, having flat feet, or from wearing shoes that do not fit properly. In severe bunions, the big toe may shift toward the other toes, which may cause pain and discomfort, in addition to possibly affecting proper balance. Larger shoes may need to be purchased that can accommodate the bunion. Surgery may be a necessary treatment option, and this can be successful in permanently removing the bunion. If you have developed a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can help you with proper treatment decisions.
What Is a Bunion?
A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.
Why Do Bunions Form?
Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions
How Are Bunions Diagnosed?
Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.
How Are Bunions Treated?
A common reason for the foot condition that is referred to as plantar fasciitis to develop may be from standing on hard surfaces for the majority of the day. The pain and discomfort that is often felt with this ailment targets the heel and arch areas. Many patients notice the pain may be more prominent in the morning after arising, and can gradually dissipate as the day evolves. It may return in the evening after standing during the day. This condition can develop as a result of an inflamed plantar fascia. The plantar fascia is the band of tissue that connects the heel to the toes, and is responsible for foot movement. Plantar fasciitis can be a painful foot condition, and it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can effectively treat this condition.
Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition that is often caused by a strain injury. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The plantar fascia is a ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot. When this ligament becomes inflamed, plantar fasciitis is the result. If you have plantar fasciitis you will have a stabbing pain that usually occurs with your first steps in the morning. As the day progresses and you walk around more, this pain will start to disappear, but it will return after long periods of standing or sitting.
What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?
There are some risk factors that may make you more likely to develop plantar fasciitis compared to others. The condition most commonly affects adults between the ages of 40 and 60. It also tends to affect people who are obese because the extra pounds result in extra stress being placed on the plantar fascia.
There are a variety of treatment options available for plantar fasciitis along with the pain that accompanies it. Additionally, physical therapy is a very important component in the treatment process. It is important that you meet with your podiatrist to determine which treatment option is best for you.
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