A stress fracture in the foot refers to a small crack in the bone of the foot. Foot fractures are frequently caused by overuse and repetitive activities, such as running. Symptoms of a stress fracture include a deep and dull pain, tenderness, weakness, swelling, and bruising in the affected foot. Getting this condition diagnosed begins with a trip to the podiatrist’s office. The doctor will ask you about your medical history, including any prior injuries, as well as questions about your lifestyle and daily activities. The doctor will then complete a physical examination of your foot. Sometimes, diagnostic imaging exams such as X-rays, MRIs, or ultrasounds may be used to confirm the diagnosis. If you believe that you have a stress fracture in your foot, it is recommended that you visit a podiatrist for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.
Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use. The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.
What Are Stress Fractures?
Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:
Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.
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Dry, cracked heels are a fairly common issue and can have a variety of different causes. Standing or walking barefoot for extended periods of time, or wearing shoes that don’t fit your heels properly, can put pressure on your heels and cause them to crack. Exposure to cold temperatures or low humidity conditions can dry out the skin. Your current foot care routine may also be to blame. Taking long, hot showers, scrubbing the feet too much, using harsh soaps that rid the skin of natural oils, and not moisturizing can all cause the skin to dry out and crack. If you have cracked heels, and especially if you have deep, painful cracks known as fissures, please see a podiatrist for treatment.
Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.
How Do You Get Them?
Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.
Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.
Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.
Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.
Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin.
Change in Diet
Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.
Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Solutions for Cracked Heels
The medical condition that is known as Sever’s disease can affect young teenagers who frequently participate in running and jumping activities. A noticeable symptom of this condition is heel pain, and you may notice that your child is limping. Sever’s disease is caused by an inflammation on the growth plate in the heel, and can happen as a result of excessive pressure that the heels may endure from running or exercising. The heel may be swollen, and it may be difficult to walk. Moderate relief may come from wearing shoes that fit properly, and it may be beneficial to limit activity that is done on hard surfaces. If you feel your child may have Sever’s disease, it is recommended that you speak to a podiatrist who can properly diagnose and treat this condition.
Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.
Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.
Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.
Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.
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People who have jobs that require standing for the majority of the day may be prone to developing foot conditions. There are groups of people who choose to stand at a computer work station for a living, and it is beneficial to incorporate successful strategies for foot health into the day. These can include maintaining a correct standing posture, which can consist of keeping the toes pointed forward, and ensuring that the foot is lying flat on the floor. It is helpful to walk for a short amount of time every hour, in addition to performing mobility exercises. These are a few methods that may help to keep your feet healthy during the work day, and it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist to learn about the techniques that are best for you.
While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.
Working on Your Feet
Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.
Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.
Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.
Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.
Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen.
With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.
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A deformity of the toes may be referred to as hammertoe. This foot condition typically affects the middle toes and can cause pain and discomfort. It may happen as a result of genetic factors or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. The affected toe is bent at the joint, pointing downward, and may rub against shoes that are worn. Corns and calluses may form on top of the joint, and in severe cases may cause inflammation or ulceration. Effective treatment methods may include wearing shoes that fit correctly, and many patients wear orthotics which may be helpful in reducing existing pressure on the toe. If you have developed hammertoe, please consult with a podiatrist who can help you find the correct treatment options for you.
Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.
Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe
Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option
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Toenail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common fungal infection that can result in the swelling, yellowing, and crumbling of the nail. A weakened immune system, abnormal skin pH levels, moist environments, sweaty socks and shoes, and diabetes can all be contributing factors to the fungus growing. Treatment should begin promptly as the nail can crack or split, and in severe cases the entire toenail could fall off. Some common suggestions for treatment are various at home remedies including different oils and cornmeal. Unfortunately, there is little evidence for the effectiveness of at home remedies. If you have toenail fungus, it is recommended that you speak with a podiatrist. A podiatrist can prescribe effective treatments such as topical antifungal creams, oral antifungal medications, laser treatment or in severe cases, surgery.
If left untreated, toenail fungus may spread to other toenails, skin, or even fingernails. If you suspect you have toenail fungus it is important to seek treatment right away. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Michael D. Garvin of Florida. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
If self-care strategies and over-the-counter medications does not help your fungus, your podiatrist may give you a prescription drug instead. Even if you find relief from your toenail fungus symptoms, you may experience a repeat infection in the future.
In order to prevent getting toenail fungus in the future, you should always make sure to wash your feet with soap and water. After washing, it is important to dry your feet thoroughly especially in between the toes. When trimming your toenails, be sure to trim straight across instead of in a rounded shape. It is crucial not to cover up discolored nails with nail polish because that will prevent your nail from being able to “breathe”.
In some cases, surgical procedure may be needed to remove the toenail fungus. Consult with your podiatrist about the best treatment options for your case of toenail fungus.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Port St. Lucie, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.
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Hereditary sensory neuropathy is a condition characterized by nerve abnormalities in the legs and feet. An individual with this condition might feel paresthesia, a prickling or tingling sensation, in their lower limbs. Other common symptoms include feeling numbness and reduced sensitivity to pain, heat, and cold in the legs and feet. Sometimes people who are affected do not lose sensation but instead feel shooting pains in their legs and feet. People who develop this condition may be at an increased risk of foot ulcers due to the decrease in sensation in their feet. These ulcers can become infected and cause serious complications if they go unnoticed and untreated. If you have been diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy it is recommended that you are under the care of a podiatrist, who can help you in monitoring and maintaining the health of your feet and ankles.
Neuropathy can be a potentially serious condition, especially if it is left undiagnosed. If you have any concerns that you may be experiencing nerve loss in your feet, consult with Dr. Michael D. Garvin from Florida. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment for neuropathy.
What Is Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a condition that leads to damage to the nerves in the body. Peripheral neuropathy, or neuropathy that affects your peripheral nervous system, usually occurs in the feet. Neuropathy can be triggered by a number of different causes. Such causes include diabetes, infections, cancers, disorders, and toxic substances.
Symptoms of Neuropathy Include:
Those with diabetes are at serious risk due to being unable to feel an ulcer on their feet. Diabetics usually also suffer from poor blood circulation. This can lead to the wound not healing, infections occurring, and the limb may have to be amputated.
To treat neuropathy in the foot, podiatrists will first diagnose the cause of the neuropathy. Figuring out the underlying cause of the neuropathy will allow the podiatrist to prescribe the best treatment, whether it be caused by diabetes, toxic substance exposure, infection, etc. If the nerve has not died, then it’s possible that sensation may be able to return to the foot.
Pain medication may be issued for pain. Electrical nerve stimulation can be used to stimulate nerves. If the neuropathy is caused from pressure on the nerves, then surgery may be necessary.
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An inflammatory form of arthritis that can often cause a great deal of discomfort is known as gout. This condition is often common among diabetic patients. One symptom that accompanies this condition is referred to as gout attacks. Gout attacks are spurts of intense pain that are sudden and can be an overwhelming experience for those affected. To help lower the risk of gout attacks, patients can avoid eating certain foods such as seafood and red meats, maintain a healthy body weight, stay hydrated, and take vitamin-C. For more information on how to manage the symptoms of gout, please consult with a podiatrist.
What Is Gout?
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.
People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.
Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.
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