Sever’s disease is a common heel pain condition that often affects children between the ages of 9 and 13 who are particularly athletic and involved in sports like soccer, gymnastics, baseball, basketball, and football. It is a result of the bones in the calves growing faster than the Achilles tendon (which connects the calf muscle to the heel). When this happens, the tendon tightens, which can result in a sore or swollen heel. The most common sign of Sever’s disease is heel pain that develops slowly and gets worse with activity. The pain will usually subside with rest and it is not typically present during low impact sports like swimming or cycling. If your child complains of heel pain, consulting with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis is suggested.
Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.
Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.
Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.
Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.
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